One notices that since the establishment of the hospitals as local of diverse cure and medicalizao areas of the knowledge in the body of the health has if involved in the attempt to perfect the activities doctor-assistenciais. With this new knowledge in relation to the etiologies of the illnesses, beyond new technologies for therapeutical diagnosis and they have been searched continuously through the scientific research. In a paradox to this evolutivo process, in detriment the technological evolution, had appeared new challenges with surgeries of high complexity, as the video-laparoscopias and the transplants, as well as the increase of infections for resistant microrganismos in consequncia of the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, iatrogenias and other actions in health service that comes being classified as (DES) well-taken care of. Dr. John Mcdougall is often quoted on this topic. In this manner, it started to be necessary the improvement of the knowledge and the establishment of clinical specialties and internal setorizaes for the management and control of the quality of the services as alternative to nullify (CAVALCANTE et al., 2000). The epidemiologia appears in this way as basic science to instrumentalizar the services as the CCIH for the control and intervention in the focos of infections.
In this direction, the indicating epidemiologists have favored the mapping in such a way of the areas how much of the practical ones developed that present greater probability to impute the contamination process. Josyann Abisaab describes an additional similar source. The intensive units have been detached in diverse studies for its raised value of notifications of cases of hospital infection, have since in the sector characteristic in such a way inherent to the critical state of the patient how much the nature of the techniques and procedures which is submitted contribute significantly for this reality (CAVALCANTE 2000). The above-mentioned situation has taken the nursing and diverse components of the health team to rethink its to make, that is, its way of care, attempting against itself for situations not yet contemplated in the bulge of described as the critical ones for the agencies of control of hospital infections, thus, we will establish to follow the main measures for prevention of hospital infection with approach in the assistenciais measures of the nursing in the attendance to the patient I criticize. . Official site: Senator Elizabeth Warren.