World Battlefields

In this scope, the images saw satellites in them had disclosed to the declining conditions war refugee human beings running away from the battlefields, the children dying for malnutrition and illnesses, the mutilated ones for the aerial attacks being helped in way to the crossed fire. In one it analyzes of beforehand, globalization beyond revolutionizing the globe with its privileges, also offered an awareness of humanitarian catastrophes directly of the place where they occur, until the television set in the house of the people. We cannot speak only of the war as a denunciation aspect, that the globalization makes possible, but also as an example of alert that it comes to be to natural disasters, as natural earthquakes, tidal waves and storms, that can be foreseen with the thousands of detectors spread for the cantos quatros of the world as for the satellites around of the land. Without hesitation Dr. John Mcdougall explained all about the problem. For these dualismos, the globalization comes providing to a wave manifestations, that if can argue its positive points as negative, has as World-wide Social examples the Fruns of Porto Alegre and Davos in Switzerland, where intellectual, you lead of government, representatives of Ongs, had argued between diverse subjects as poverty, ambient problems, as the Globalization can be a factor of mutual aid between the nations, and not a case of conflict. However, the diverse cultural forms are not offering an alternative that if can arrive at a consensus, on of that it forms appropriate if it can have a mutual cooperation, that offers an exit that pleases to all the sectors. The idea of a global society, that had with one of its eminent defenders sociologist Octvio Ianni, contradicts in many aspects the death of the regional and national culture, as it warns Antonio Cndido, in its classic book ' ' The Partners of the River Bunito' ' (2003), on the death of the culture caipira caused by the agricultural exodus. Hear other arguments on the topic with Goop.

The Social

Thus, the virtue can be worked of increasing and continuous form, at the same time where if it moves away the idea from the vice, where the freedom without responsibility is born. Ethical acting is universal behavior in which the individual will raise temples the virtue and will dig dungeons to vice. In this direction, she is necessary to make use of the reflection and the auto-evaluation so that it is possible to have internal changes of behavior, mannering practical attitude or. 2 – Scrates OBJECTIVE understood that the virtuous man is that one that is enough to know what it is goodness and, thus, to practise it. Nowadays, this can seem how much a in such a way simple definition one. However, despite with little applicability to the time, it was a reasonable notion perfectly. For this reason, Scrates is considered ' ' Father of the tica' '. Not having nobody that had reflected organizadamente on the Ethics and ' ' man moral' '.

One gives credit that the relativismo of the Sofistas can have unchained this cohesion of Scrates. How if it would explain, then, the real dissociao of both, if to the man, as affirms Scrates, is enough to know what it is good so that it is good? The sofistas had answered to this question considering that the Ethical one was mere social convention, refute them to Scrates, affirming that apparent dissociao if of exactly because the men do not know what really it is the goodness. This lost notion in way to the vanity and the dominant hypocrisy would blind the man who instead of fighting for real objectives confuses itself in the mist of the social conventions. Already the embryo of the notion feels itself here that Plato will consolidate and generalize in its Alegoria of the Cave. The lesson biggest of Scrates was the opposition of what he was stipulated, of form to attack the moral values.

The Friendship

E if the men are friends, do not have necessity of justice between them, to the step that to be mere just is not enough, not excusing a friendship feeling. In the truth, the raised form more of justice seems to contain an element of amizade' ' . The friendship possesss justice, is a good proportional, it is condition so that the State can be characterized by the peace, and because not happiness? It has seen that, while will have friendship, it can be said that it has justice, will not have, therefore the necessity of the State to make to be valid its power of coercion, mainly with respect to its ius puniendi, as measured of security and social control, treating itself here is clearly, of the substantial direction of friendship. Three are the main species of friendship: the friendship tied for the utility as main purpose, the friendship tied for the utility as immediate object and the so virtuous and well quista perfect friendship, most difficult of being conquered. The friendships based on the utility and the pleasure are friendships that if only characterize for the interest and by itself it does not have happiness, therefore as already displayed, this (happiness) must be understood as a good that by itself is autosatisfatria, these species of friendship is half for an egoistic satisfaction, since one of the parts sees to another one as a way that provides advantage to it, without exactly having any species of repayment. These models of friendship, therefore, are not constant in the solidarstico roll of the substantial concept of friendship. The friendship is not to give of what receiving it is not to perceive and if to import with the necessities of the other, exactly that in detriment of its proper one, from there appears the third and main species of friendship, the perfect friendship.

Greek Democracy

In if treating to education the sofistas they had promoted a revolution in the society Greek breaking the traditional circle of privileges that the aristocrats withheld and when promoting the shock in square was inaugurated a new form to think. Here already I was not more the world I needed to be unmasked, but the man. Which its place in the world? Which the direction of its existence? He would be the destined man great made or was only one joguete at the hands of deuses? Or same they would have to ask itself if the man was only born to nourish itself, to grow, to procreate and to die? If he was only this little or nothing it differed itself from the animals. Therefore these also are born, grow, nourish, reproduce and finally they die. If the man was born only for this would be very little. The sofista launched the new reflection that made possible the man to alar new flights.

The man was born to live in society and if to relate ones with the others, exactly that this relation is conflituosa is better that relation none. With the bloom of great population agglomerations that if had become urban appear then ' ' polis' ' the city Greek. In this context the man passes if to dedicate to the debates in public square aiming at the common good and is delineated the democracy, where the speech prevails and everything this is workmanship of the sofista. It did not appear with the advent of the democracy, for the opposite, forms the condition of possibility of the democracy. He is not without reason that Plato considers the democracy as inadequate for government of a state. Sofistas: villains or breakers of paradigms? We must fears them, to hate them or to weave loas to them for the given services the humanity?


In Durkheim, now, we can analyze its concern in treating Sociology? a rising science at that moment? as a worthy science of its name, with its rules, laws, methods, objectives, hypotheses, etc. In this manner, in dialogue with sciences of the nature, Durkheim makes use of concepts as ' ' funo' ' (indicating a physiology) and ' ' estruturas' ' (indicating a morphology), to mention itself to the sociological study. That is, Durkheim sees the society as a whole constituted of its parts, where these responsible for are determined functions. It is an analogy to the human body, in which the brain withholds a main function, but would not live without the heart, the kidneys, the liver, the lung, etc. Is in this direction that if of a construction of the structure of the thought of Durkheim.

However, with this, we can see that it also has a method used for Durkheim here, when making its analysis from functions, inserting them in a bigger structure? the society. To the light of Weber, we have now the concern to delimit a way to act of the citizen of the research with regard to its object, when working with the idea of ' ' neutrality axiolgica' ' ; that is, for Weber, the researcher does not have to insert value judgment some in its study, and to work with the biggest possible objetividade. In this direction, the only moments where the researcher can make use of its subjectivity is in the choice of its objects and its hypotheses, but later systematically proving them and with all the objetividade. In if treating to its methodology, research carried through with agricultural workers in determining moment of sc. XIX, Weber works with 3 silogismos: 1) She is of the nature human being only not to live of bread; 2) The agricultural worker is a human being; 3) The agricultural worker does not only live of bread.