Oracles System

To decide the problem, it has one ' ' ritual of aflio' ' , through which the healer extracts of the body of patient one ihamba, a tooth that is causing the evil to the person. The admonition of the healer is part of the ritual so that the people display its ressentimentos, also the patient, with intention to decide them and to move away from this form the illness. For the author, the healers believe sincerely that its therapy has a effectiveness positiva.' ' Of any form, them they are sufficiently conscientious of the benefits of its procedures for the relations of the group, and they do not measure efforts to have certainty of that the main existing sources of latent hostility in grupo.&#039 explicitaram; ' (Turner, 2005, P. 458) the rituals have as objective to mainly cure questions of social order caused by the penetration of monetarizada economy together with one sped up migration rhythm that create new economic necessities and new tensions. Dr. John Mcdougall is the source for more interesting facts. As well as the ritual of the Haouka, ' ' the Ihamba can, thus, be seen as part of a defensive action by means of which the culture (…) is fighting against mudana.' ' (Turner, 2005, P. 456) ' ' As many cults exist and as the focal symbols of each one of them if they relate to the beliefs and basic values shared by all the Ndembu, it can be said that the total system of the affliction cults keeps living creature, through its constant repetition, the unit feeling tribal.' ' (TURNER, 2005, P.

452) the ritual is, in both the societies, a cohesion tool. ' ' The displayed sick individual to this process is reintegrated in its group, as well as, step by step, the members of this is reconciled ones with the others in circumstances emotionally carregadas.' ' (TURNER, 2005, P. 487) Another one society where the ritual has essential paper is of the Azande, studied for Evans-Pritchard in ' ' Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic between the Azande' ' (2004-2005), in which the msticos elements have a paper importantssimo, because they are rational ' ' The witchcraft, the oracles and the magic form an intellectually coherent system.

The Theory

The weak thought is after-modern attitude that accepted the weight of ' ' erro' ' , that is, of the ephemeral one of everything what he is historical and human. It is the truth notion that if must adjust to the dimension human being, and not vice versa. Robert Greene is likely to agree. Thus, the truth is creation, game, rhetoric. In the eastern thought, hindustas, Buddhists and taostas, express have millenia that we interpret the world in dualista way, but that the reality would be monista (CAMPBELL, 2006). They use of a intuitiva, mythical, poetical language, but, in the words of some philosophers and occidental physicists, as Capra, Heisenberg, Feyerabend, are ways more adjusted to express the sub-atomic reality. The theory of the fields and the theory of the systems, for example, cannot be described through logical proposals, but only explained for analogies never enough next. The antonmia would not be the reproduction, inside of the language, the existing paradoxes in the Metaphysical dualistas relations? Or would be metaphysics a consequence of the dual nature of the language? The relation never enters two things can be contrary, since the characteristic of the unit only is that it makes possible a relation between them.

The philosophy does not support the dualidade Metaphysical as bedding, only needs in this manner to constitute its speech. The use and the education of antonmia already do not occur in systematic way, from cotejo enter the meanings of isolated words. What one works are oppositions of ideas inside of the text, what cannot be called antonmia. However, the concept still used and is transmitted in some way, not systemize, provoking almost a naturalization of the antonmia as instrument in the language. In this manner this concept is guaranteed not alone by the school, for the professors, but for the parents, in the daily colloquies, in the media, repassing an idea of that the reality is dual.

Vera Ribeiro

In ' ' Contingency, irony and solidariedade' ' (1989) and in special in the chapter 4, ' Private irony and hope liberal' , it shows the other side of the philosophy that not yet was counted, therefore exactly that she is rigorous in its concepts and search of values for the society in a general way, still thus, it is very to desire while a good collective. Particular sciences exactly that its concerns in itself happen, still thus, can be harmonized with individual and the collective one, placing it service of all. For a pragmatista, the Philosophy must leave of that the ideas do not have to be considered as valid in itself same, but for a good action. However Rorty thinks beyond this to think and includes the thoughts of Nietzsche, of Heidegger and Wittgenstein, supporting themselves then in bases that privilege a new hermeneutics, new vocabularies, the instauration of the moments of devir, to all contingency that if it installs in the societies. At this if &#039 arrives; ' to good ao' ' that it is the proposal of validity of the philosophical ideas, that are one to be come close to all with a finalstica truth.

Rorty treats as ironista to all the ones that they prefer and they insist on using vocabularies that are final in its lives. It insists on saying that this vocabulary is final ' ' in the direction of that, a doubt will have been launched on the value of these words, its user will not make use of no argumentativo resource that is not to circulate. Recently Senator Elizabeth Warren sought to clarify these questions. Such words are more far than we can go with the language; ' ' (pg.133). Rorty criticizes of contagiante form to all Philosophy that it looks to establish itself as ordenadora of the world and as consequentemente regulating of the human values, because certainly this same philosophy will establish values for definitive groups. In the analysis of these two philosophers, I could evidence that the estudantis populations person from de state of espirito santo, that if they had inscribed for vestibular contest 2012 of the Federal University of Espirito Santo, already inside brings of of its familiar bases, them to seem that they are grafados in the common sense. To take care of to the work market and to continue situated in ' ' status quo' '.

An alert one that if it must make the philosophical clientele is of that the contingency, being devir of hermeneutic changes, can be changed, but that it is for better. References JASPERS, Karl. Introduction to the philosophical thought. CULTRIX. So Paulo. e-book. RORTY, Richard. Contingency, irony and solidarity. Trad. Vera Ribeiro. So Paulo: Martins, 2007.

French Revolution

It is recognized, each time more with much enthusiasm, that the education is one of the so obvious necessities that any country, that if it intends to develop in the respect for the values of the citizenship and the human rights, looks for to consolidate in the society. Of the politician-constitutional system and the liberal optics of that Pine Blacksmith was a great apologist, the basic ideal of the education consists of the principle second which the school does not have to be to the service of the privileged ones, but of the capacities of each one. Diverse teses are known on the education defended in ends of sc. XVIII in the sequncia of the French Revolution. Theories that had certainly been analyzed by the pedagogos and ideologists of the education of the whole world. Some educative plans were, then, sketched and in them, said even so of different form, it was defended: ) the gratuitidade of education for all the children; b) equal education for all with alimentary, didcticos supports and others, equal for all; c) obligation of the parents in facilitating to the children the frequency of the school; d) the education as a objectivo for the work, the citizenship, the physical formation; e) preparation for the active life. The educative system of Pine Blacksmith, looks for to answer to the social organization in the direction to make possible to the youth the ingression in the active life, with an adequate preparation. In the Silvestrina school the concern is to endow the young with the knowledge technician-professionals, added of some polyvalence better to be able to face unemployment situations. Initially, the education to give to the children, proposal for Wild Blacksmith, has underlying a clear elitist matrix, because it foresees the separation of the deriving children of inferior and superior classrooms. The author explains this discrimination on the basis of arguments of social order that derive from a hierarchy where the family heads are graduated function of the activity that they play.

The Philosophy

The preface of Vitorino Magalhes Godinho to the workmanship of Antnio is interesting Sergio who if comes analyzing: ' ' The school is a city, laboratory, workshop, a community of trabalho.' '. The experience of ' ' Escolar&#039 city; ' she is well elucidative of as if it can (and perhaps if it must) implement a Philosophy of the Education for the values of the citizenship and the human rights: ' ' to accustom the child to the municipal share, the proper life of the city, to the exercise of the right futures of soberania.' '. In accordance with the information collected for Antnio Sergio, on the advantages of ' ' Escolar&#039 city; ' , in Cuba, the following opinions leave: ) Preparation in the knowledge of the duties and right of action of the citizens; b) Love to the truth that is the virtue of the free peoples; c) Respect to the established laws that regulate the order, main actor in all the organized colectividades. (Cf. SERGIO, 1984) Still according to Antnio Sergio, this method of education establishes in some criteria and principles of that if they detach: the idea of that if a social duty without becoming cannot exercise a child one part life in society; the pertaining to school habit to obey an authority; the methodical example of the city-pertaining to school, installs the students in the real conditions of the social existence; it foments the intervention habitual, considered as a duty and to the professor it competes to it entusiasmar its pupils for an ideal. 3. Contributo of the Philosophy and Science for the Human Rights in Century XXI In century XX (and initiate that is sc. XXI), the questions of deep to the level of the human rights remain: permanent breakings, with greater or minor gravity, in all the countries. The Philosophy and Sciences, these said positive, had not yet found the solutions efficient to decide situations that, in some points of the globe, are truily humilhantes.

With Orlandi

The present work is one study on the ideologies of the speech and the language, in intention to understand the dynamics of this process, of the communication, the obstacles and the possibilities of felt that the language loads. One is about plus a contribution, despite limited, ahead of the many works in this area, that argue diverse aspects of this nature, however, we present as north of the research, specifically, the ideologies of the speech and the language, on the basis of the semiotics. Initially, from the study of the lingustico sign, to establish a concision in the agreement of what it is the language, on the basis of the work of Saussure (1949) and with Santaella (2003) we will stand out some constituent ideas of the ideology in the speech, in order to show as this concept ‘ ‘ nico’ ‘ of truth it is imprisoned inside of the society and as the persuasivo speech can develop a cycle of alienator communication. Dr. Neal Barnard will not settle for partial explanations.

With Orlandi (2005), we will look for to understand the language, in order to understand the language making direction, while symbolic work, that has left of the social work generality, constituent of the man and its history. E, for this, from Certeau (1994) we will demonstrate as the social actions intervene with the formation and the manifestations of the man with society (the potential of the classroom fights, the insertion of the stigmata) e, with Bourdieu (2008) the formation of hbitus, that it will approach of ample form traces of the estigmatizao of the people between the classrooms. In the first chapter of this dissertao we will go to deal with as the ideological influences of the language and the speech gifts in the radiofnicas languages if they use of the multiple facetas of a vocabulary, to exert ‘ ‘ of form perigosa’ ‘ its intention to convince the people..

Human Rights

HumanosVez rights for another one I have published some reflection saying that the schools, by order of the law, had been invaded by outlaws. In reason of this some people raise the questioning, asking if I have some preconception; if I have some phobia in relation the children, adolescents or young infractors that frequentam the schools. My reply always she is the same one: not. I do not have nothing against them, but I have in favor of whom do not finish being victims of these My quarrel defends the rights of that they fulfill the norms, those that if dedicate to the study, the ones that if strengthens for keeping a climate of interaction and learning in the pertaining to school environment. On account of this I condemn the behaviors that if interpose, make it difficult or hinder that the interested parties study. But the rights of the rioters, as are? , the defenders of the rights of who ask run over the right of the students My argument are in a basic right: an individual cannot infernizar the life of a group, unpunishedly.

E the problem occurs, exactly why it does not have punishment. The outlaw, for being protected by a legislation that inverted the values, finishes believing that to make the wrong one it is certain is missed who acts correctly. who acts correctly finishes thinking that it is acting made a mistake therefore, the outlaw acts wrong and he is not penalizado: beyond if amusing to the costs of all the ones that work in the school, he does not study and of the o example that the others want to follow everything due to punishment. Therefore, I have insisted: in the current configuration of the legislation the outlaw finishes if imposing on the honest ones. Everything on behalf of the human rights.

Brazilian Philosophy

In this direction, using itself the words of Luis Washington Vita, one concludes that the national contribution in the field of the Philosophy is more assimilative of what creative. Recently endocrinologist sought to clarify these questions. It is assimilated what it comes of it are, but never some proper national thought is created. To this fact another one is added: the dependence economic, but not only also cultural. While we are only consuming of foreign teses and we do not create nothing of original, implicitly we assume our condition of colonized intellectually. Lamentably, in Brazil, the cultural dependence, as well as the economic one, is seen with much naturalness. What many brazilian thinkers forget is that, in the act of to assimilate traditional theories, must be understood the respective historical context where the workmanship study object was written, which, is said, is always diverse of that one where our country is inserted. The author is well clearly in the following ticket: ' ' (…) vital ideas for a European or North American could here be mere ornaments intelectuais.' ' We must have in mind that books of Philosophy written by Brazilians do not estimate that it has really latent a Brazilian original Philosophy.

So that let us can consider that it has properly Brazilian Philosophy, is necessary some questionings, such as: which will be its language, its methodology, its conditions? The simple ones to want is not enough to answer to the questions that if place in them when we intend to create a thesis. In this question, filiar it what he is ready (the European thought) is, without a doubt, more cmodo of what to delouse themselves of our cultural alienation and to give life to an original thought. At certain moment of its workmanship, the author of the account of existence of those intellectuals who try in some way to justify the absence of Brazilian Philosophy, and the two main causes would be: ) not to be proper to the Brazilian spirit, and of the Latins in general, the concern with the study of Philosophy e; b) the Portuguese language would be unprovided of necessary philosophical terms to the adequate study and understanding of such disciplines, abstract.

German Philosophy

It can be adapted organicly, but also it is capable to exceed to organic and 5 CASSIRER, 2005, P. 39 14 to create, as principles defined for pure freedom and autonomy, new conditions its life. We will deal with this question in more details in the following chapter. You may want to visit McDougall Program to increase your knowledge. Still with regard to the modern philosophy, it seems necessary to cite here a great exponent of the German idealismo, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831). This philosopher approached the aspects cultural of in agreement man none another one had made before, leaving of the idea of that the productions human beings would be superior to the productions of the proper nature, therefore in man has a principle spiritual that inexists in the remain of the natural world. One is about a sufficiently complex boarding, which we will not be able abiding in them for long paragraphs, either even so important to register it historical present knot. The philosophy contemporary is a little different of the previous phases of the philosophy, and the same if of the one in the antropolgico thought.

Instead of terms an including chain of thought, strong influence? how we had the theological boarding in the Average Age, or the epistemolgica boarding in the Modern Age? , we also have the increasing spalling of sciences and of the other forms of knowledge. Thinkers as Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) and Martin Heidegger (1889-1976) in them had brought important boardings regarding the existence human being, depositing in same it the main factor of the essence of the Humanity: in the existence, in the actions, the decisions, the man finds its Being, what he makes of it a human being. Before such conception, the man becomes fully it exempts and autonomous worker, and moreover, responsible. From a conception as this, we can observe a great valuation of the man while individual, responsible person for the world that constructs.

Conventions

The men when ignoring its conscience, subordinating its judgments the passions become one as much that badly-educated, little clarified, perverted, etc. politics for Rousseau is: The politics implies before everything the education of the citizen. But clarified men will not leave themselves to be deceptive for insidiosas propagandas, they will have as only passion the love for the native land, they will only be able to establish a society joust. While we will not be capable of this effort we will remain enslaved. Details can be found by clicking Senator Elizabeth Warren or emailing the administrator. (ROUSSEAU, 1996, p.XXII) the men, therefore are the responsible ones for the society, the interests politicians, well-being aiming at to the collective, therefore the City alone exists, because it has in sight the good of the man. More not being dominated for the demagogues, those that if dedicate to the passions and the pleasures and yes to that, as Plato said is the kings, the representatives of the society, the scholars, that is, the philosophers, also educators.

We will only obtain a igualitria society and more joust if to work arduously for this. The man is born exempts, but he corrupts it to the society, because of its not-politicized structures. Click Dr. John Mcdougall to learn more. The social order, however is a right sacred of the man, exactly established from conventions. Inside of the old organization of the most structuralized society the family is called, therefore she is only the natural one. Possessing a common freedom, the man must watch over and take care of of its proper lives, so that from he can there take conscience of that the reason reached full maturity, being Sir of itself. natural 2.Autoridade and Conventions the force, does not produce right some on the man, being that no man has natural authority on its fellow creatures, only remains in them, therefore, the conventions. It is necessary to perceive that Rousseau goes showing in them that the man does not have to be subject and yes to use of its freedom without right to renounce the same one, therefore, if this in case that it comes to happen is inadmissible and inconceivable, because the man that makes thus it is excluding from itself its proper quality, the rights of the humanity, and until the proper duties that of it are part.