Kids With Cancer

This work is resultant of a literature revision that had as intention to identify to the perception of death in children with cancer from the cognitivo development of the child and its social representations during the invasive treatments. Read more here: James A. Levine, M.D.. The data cited in previous scientific publications had been collected of August of 2010 the May of 2011. When the child is attack for a cancer, the family if desestrutura had to the changes in the routine and the imminent fear of the loss and the death. The constructions of its familiar ones ahead of the probable losses are originary of its experiences front they.

The cancer terrifies for the cultural and historical association with the death. Here the impacts of the cancer versus death had been also studied; its respective representations for its cuidadores and the influence of these representations in the perception of the child in relation to the adoecimento. Being thus, an explicit communication between the cuidadores, the multiprofessional team and the oncolgico patient can assist in the understanding of the child when ahead of the illness. Word-key: child with cancer. family. multiprofessional team. losses. death INTRODUCTION With the evolution of science, knows that all human being follows a natural order that includes the rising, to grow, to reproduce and to die. These stages of the evolution of the life constitute the Vital Cycle and are characterized for constructions of meanings concernentes to one determined context partner-description.


– There are genes that have genetics, and argue with it is very difficult, we are programmed to die. But is this true? It's true, but not all. After all, scientists, referring to it, determined that the natural life Rights may be 120 years old, and it at least. These same scientists have argued that old age and ultimately death – are inevitable. But the question is, when age and when to die? There is such a thing as "premature aging" of the human body. AND this is due to the life he lives.

And, of course, by that person. In many ways, the reason for this lies in the human environment, ie, in society. It is artificial, created by man, it's easier just to live. Here only it is quite "aggressive". Here we are about ecology, sociology, stress, tempo, rhythm of life. And of course, that public opinion about human longevity, as described above.

There is another, important aspect. Thanks to advances in science, medicine, and managed to cope with the various epidemics (plague, cholera), the system of vaccination, antibiotics – maintained and allowed to grow for many generations of people. All this led to the fact that people began to live longer than in the past, but in the end, a new problem – the rapid aging of the species population. The elderly, and elderly, to become more and more. This is not a contradiction to what was said at the outset. "The elderly and advanced "age, in terms of public opinion, because here we are in the age of 60 – 70, and in rare cases 80 years, but certainly not 120 years.

Patients Discussing Symptoms

It is difficult to switch to other interests and topics, as it were "stuck" on the topic of health. Constantly discussing their symptoms with other patients, comparing their experiences and analysis of their symptoms, while notes in his only deviation for the worse, and the deviations of the better bring comfort for a short time. Thinks only the bad outcome of the disease, or surgery that brings anxiety and depressed mood continued. "I have – it's not like at all." The second option is to respond to disease reaction when the patient in order to psychological defense chooses not to recognize the disease, denying the fact of its existence, the crowd all thought about it, resort to mystical thinking, hoping for a miracle to avoid contact with the doctor and other patients. James A. Levine, M.D. may find this interesting as well. For this protection is a huge fear of recognition of the disease and its consequences.

By avoiding the truth, these patients often trigger the disease, skipping practices of physicians, refusing to surveys, forgetting to take medication. They are hard to convince need to comply with diet, diet, water-salt regime, and especially it is difficult to get to recognize the need for treatment, operations and other procedures. In the prevailing emotions complacency, inadequate – optimistic assessment of this condition and the effects of the disease. Patients little concerned about the serious disturbances in the body, to make plans for the future, often "go to work," crowding out all thoughts of disease, conceal the fact of illness of relatives and staff, burdening themselves with work, inadequate physical condition.


The problem occurs when the search for the perfection starts paralyzing in them, that is, when we are so worried in delivering optimum work and getting the best ones resulted, that, repletos of anxiety, we do not obtain to act. Without the shadow of a doubt, the search for the perfection can bring great victories. Innumerable people obtain to be distinguished professionally and in diverse areas of its life, because of the search for the perfection, then we believe that this would be an acceptance quality. The problems occur when the perfeccionismo passes to the other separates and starts to commit an error of called thought everything or nothing or I am good, or I am a failure , or I make perfect, or I do not make , loves or me, or it hates to me, and thus we go we classify the things, the people and the facts without considering that it has a half possible and acceptable term. To know to classify the proper degree of perfeccionismo and to know if it is if becoming harmful it is necessary to make an auto-evaluation and to question if this is disabling it to carry through its activities or bringing interepessoais damages.

If this will be occurring is necessary to implement some actions route to the resolution of this difficulty. One of these actions would be to question of the proper thoughts and to search thoughts alternative. Thus, when to occur a thought of the type: or I will obtain to get the best ones resulted, or will be a failure total, we must question it and thus start to acquire a cognitiva flexibility, that is, to perceive the situations under other optics, to obtain a half term.

Science Soul

It determines until certain point the studied problems, the way of exactly studies them ede the language to be used to speak regarding the problems, and to perceive helps them that all the things are consequences of essencialmentearbitrais decisions taking for people much time backwards, but of what necessariamenteinerentes to the proper treat subject. WHAT Psychology IS PSYCHOLOGY is a science that tries to search resources, looks for to understand the man, its behavior, for it facilitates convivnciaconsigo proper and with the other. They intend to supply subsidies so that it knows lidarconsigo exactly to it and with the experiences of the life. It is, therefore Science doComportamento, understood this in its ampler direction. Valley to stand out not only queentendo behavior as external reactions, but also comoatividades of the same conscience and of the unconscious one, in a indiretamenteobservvel plan.

The existing controversy with lathe does not interest our study the multiple quarrels etoda of word same behavior or of objetoe definition of Psychology the important one is that you understand what it deals with. Its object has varied throughout the time and its daily pay-histriaconfunde with the proper history of the Philosophy. In the etimolgico direction, seriacincia of the soul or the study of the soul. It was from there that the Greeks start its speculations. They found that all human being possesss one against incorporeal part of the body, of ondeprovinham the psychic processes, of I celebrate which it would be only mediating. During centuries, it was studied as of the soul that Psychology existed. Brusconeste disruption concept if gave with the filosofofrancs Ren Discardings (1596 – 1650), whose theory of the dualism psicolfisico-distinoentre the body and mind-impregnated the ideas of the time and influenced all posterior Psicologia. Discardings considered, that the eramecanicista animal behavior, that is, obeyed the reflected action purely. From there oconceito deanimas without mind.


The narcisistas if consider special, bonanza and justified in if concentrating exclusively in the personal gratuity. Characteristics: The individual that possesss narcisista personality, if becomes by itself stubborn, presents grandiosidade, necessity of admiration and empatia. The narcisistas seem not to have humildade and being in, without they need to give much return. If they feel deserving waiting social recognition without assuming no responsibility; they not only tend to lack of empatia as well as make little case of the others, in insensitive way use the others to promote its proper desires personal. Diagnosis: A evasivo standard of grandiosidade, necessity of admiration and lack of empatia, that starts at the beginning of the adult age and is present in a variety of contexts, indicated for at least five of these criteria: 1) Huge feeling of the proper importance (for former; it exaggerates accomplishments and talentos, it waits if recognized as superior without commensurable accomplishments),2) Concerns with fancies of limitless success, power intelligence, beauty or love ideal.3) Beliefs of to be special (institutions) special or of condition elevada.4) Requirements of admiration excessiva.5) Feelings of intitulao, that is, possesss expectations irrationals to receive a treatment especially favorable or automatic obedience ace its expectativas.6) exploring in interpersonal relationships, that is, takes off proper advantages of others to reach its objetivos.7) Absence of empatia: reluta in recognizing or identifying with the feelings and necessities alheias.8) Frequent feels envy of other people or believes to be white of the envy alheia.9) arrogant and insolentes Behaviors and attitudes. Consideraes Final: It is important to stand out that the item above serve of base so that the individual or somebody that is next it looks aid of some specialist or of a psychologist so that thus it has a correct diagnosis, we do not have basing in them on only some words to say something on the life of somebody, is necessary that it has interview, psychological evaluation and that everything this

The Patient

As much the patient as its family must receive attention, aid and consideration, becomes necessary the action of the team to interdisciplinar, where the psychologist plays basic paper. The psychologist, inside of the hospital, searchs the relief emotional of the patient and of its family, being that many times to accomplish this aid, it needs to mobilize other professionals and that in this mobilization, many times are gifts you distress and ansiedades. The psychologist must live deeply the situation, helping in the exteriorizao of the feelings, you distress perceiving them and creating conditions for the experience and understanding of the feelings. 2 – THE IMPORTANCE OF COMMUNICATION DIGNSTICA. From the moment where the doctor Dr. Jack safe from Mckee self-sufficient itself and, receives the notice from a fellow worker that &#039 says to it cold; ' you have one cncer' ' it starts to demonstrate to anguish and fragility. Now it did not see more in the doctor condition and yes of patient, thus, he feels what he is to face the bureaucracy and the indifference of the doctors, what he is to wait for hours the result of an examination, what means to be only plus a number.

Disgnostic each time more specific that, beyond approaching the person in its existencial amplitude, they make with that only one definitive symptom exists in that life. To the step that goes perceiving how much it is being damaged as patient, it goes changing its behavior, also with its proper patients. It perceives the importance to explain the procedure to them that is being adopted, the importance to call them for its names, to give attention to them; at last, to treat them as people. The World-wide Organization of Sade (OMS) esteem that 4,5 million patients in developing countries and developed die annually without receiving treatment from pain and without other so prevalecentes symptoms how much to pain are considered them and that also they cause suffering.