As carried through study, between 30% and 50% of the adult population of industrialized countries they use some form of PIC to prevent or to treat some problem related to the health. In another research, it enters the years of 1997 and 2002 in the United States, they is esteem that 35% of the adult population (about 72 million people) use some type of PIC (7). Recent studies affirm a world-wide trend of growth of practical not conventional in the field of the health, and of legislation for its integration in the national systems of health. Thus, the PIC come gradual being inserted in the SUS, as it foresees Practical the National Politics of Integrativas and Complementares in the SUS. However, even so this thematic one is also enclosed in the National Agenda of Priorities of Research in Health, has scarcity of studies published in this area. The World-wide Organization of the Health points as great challenges the accomplishment of cost-effectiveness studies, as well as of security, effectiveness and quality of such practical, beyond establishing the clinical situations in which they can be applied (7, 9).
Promotion of the Health in the Practical Scope of the Integrativas and Complementares in Brazil the occured transformations mainly from the decades of 1950 and 1960, in the Brazilian economic structure, over all the advance of the industrialization process, had determined significant alterations in the social sphere, politics, demographic and epidemiologist. The cities had grown, swelling its peripheral spaces and not satisfying the necessities existenciais of its inhabitants. From now on, the occured changes in the work process (position in the occupation, rhythm, I number of worked hours, etc.) had significantly modified the dynamics in the way of life of the population. They had been verified, still, transformations in the style (alcohol tobaccoism, consumption, sexual behavior, physical activity, locomotion, dedicated time the leisure, medicalizao, etc.) and in the conditions of life (feeding, habitation, sanitation, access to the water, destination of the garbage, education, access the goods and services, etc.) (10).