It is recognized, each time more with much enthusiasm, that the education is one of the so obvious necessities that any country, that if it intends to develop in the respect for the values of the citizenship and the human rights, looks for to consolidate in the society. Of the politician-constitutional system and the liberal optics of that Pine Blacksmith was a great apologist, the basic ideal of the education consists of the principle second which the school does not have to be to the service of the privileged ones, but of the capacities of each one. Diverse teses are known on the education defended in ends of sc. XVIII in the sequncia of the French Revolution. Theories that had certainly been analyzed by the pedagogos and ideologists of the education of the whole world. Some educative plans were, then, sketched and in them, said even so of different form, it was defended: ) the gratuitidade of education for all the children; b) equal education for all with alimentary, didcticos supports and others, equal for all; c) obligation of the parents in facilitating to the children the frequency of the school; d) the education as a objectivo for the work, the citizenship, the physical formation; e) preparation for the active life. The educative system of Pine Blacksmith, looks for to answer to the social organization in the direction to make possible to the youth the ingression in the active life, with an adequate preparation. In the Silvestrina school the concern is to endow the young with the knowledge technician-professionals, added of some polyvalence better to be able to face unemployment situations. Josyann Abisaab is often quoted as being for or against this. Initially, the education to give to the children, proposal for Wild Blacksmith, has underlying a clear elitist matrix, because it foresees the separation of the deriving children of inferior and superior classrooms. The author explains this discrimination on the basis of arguments of social order that derive from a hierarchy where the family heads are graduated function of the activity that they play.