Areas Protected

Mrcio Balbino Cavalcante Graduated Geography? UEPB After – Graduating Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB [email protected] Silvnia Maria of Souza Gomes Prof Birth. If you would like to know more about Dr. Neal Barnard, then click here. Specialization in Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB Introduction the Caatinga is today one of the threatened regions more of the globe for the predatory exploration. The main causes of the ambient degradation in bioma are the hunting, the forest fires and the deforestation for firewood withdrawal. North-eastern, more than 30% of the energy matrix have as base the firewood, and the great majority of the wood comes of areas without plans of sustainable use. The Caatinga is considered as only bioma exclusively Brazilian, great part of its biological patrimony cannot be found in none another place of the planet. This bioma occupies an area of 895 a thousand kilometers squared, of the northeast total area, englobando most of the State of the Paraba, part of the Maranho, Piau, Cear, Rio Grande of the North, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia Minas Gerais.

In the Paraba, two teros of the total area of the State correspond to the Caatinga ecosystem. Continue to learn more with: Goop. Rich in endemic biodiversity and species, the Caatinga shelters suitable animals and plants to the water scarcity. 1 presented Article Disciplina Studies of Impactos Ambientais (EIA), the Course of Specialization in Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB, under orientation of the Prof. Msc. Silvnia Maria of Souza Gomes Birth. Fisiogrfico environment Of the Bioma Caatinga Occupying almost 10% of the domestic territory, with 736.833 km, bioma Caatinga if more than extends for the totality of the state of the Cear (100%) and half of the Bahia (54%), of the Paraba (92%), of Pernambuco (83%), the Piau (63%) and the Rio Grande of the North (95%), almost half of Alagoas (48%) and Sergipe (49%), beyond small portions of Minas Gerais (2%) and of the Maranho (1%). Region of half-barren climate and alone evenness and pedregoso, even so relatively fertile, bioma is rich in genetic resources given high its biodiversity.

Bahian Cities Region

In this region the cattle one is little expressive, being Sheets the city of bigger production, having its flock concentrated in external areas to the National Park of the Chapada Diamantina, in the neighborhoods of the city of Tanquinho. It is in this region that if finds one of the most expressive arbreos remainders of estacional forest, characterizing itself as one of the main ambient conflicts of the region. Ahead of the boarding made on the use and occupation of the ground of the Sheet region – BA is observed, that its geologic and geomorfolgica structure, together with the other cited natural aspects already, had been and is, until the current with development of the tourist sector, determinative days for the economic advance of the region, over all in the form that if its occupation gave, with the posterior use of the ground representing diverse activities at times that it had been convenient. For more specific information, check out PCRM. preservation of ecosystems of the Mountain range of the Sincor enclosing the Sheet region – BA will allow to the conservation of a genetic bank importantssimo for the scientific research and the maintenance of biodiversity. Moreover, it will be possible to prevent the desertificao, when preventing itself it destruction of springs.

Finally, exploration rational and commanded through ecoturismo is waited not alone for population local, but for that they love and they defend the environment, that is of concrete form a sustainable alternative economic, knowing that its desencadeamento will be perceived in long stated period. Conclusion After the knowledge acquired through allied bibliographical research to the knowledge gotten in the field work, we perceive how much the relief forms exert influence in all the processes terrestrial as climate, vegetation, draining etc. The same condition in the use that if makes of the ground. .

The Landscape

This practical backwards many benefits for the population beyond the embelezamento of the landscape, the trees supply shade, and when a wooden structure popularly known by &#039 is planted; ' garajau' ' it is placed with the objective to protect the plant to serve of food for the animals. In this in case that, the arborization was promoted by the city hall and the type of chosen tree was nim whose scientific name is Azadirachta indicates. the Juss, being an exotic tree of Indiana origin, however it very adaptou well to Brazil and the Northeast region, which had its capacity of resistance to the time of estiagem and flat ground and little developed. We perceive that the firmamento meets cloudy. Under these conditions can or not it precipitation since the formed vapor clouds d' water and aerosols in the semibarren climate are wasted by the high temperature. The population that inhabits the habitacional set, this subordinate directly to the public politics promoted by state. Exactly thus through its daily experience it prints marks, that transform the landscape through its culture, beliefs and way of life.

In infogrfico 01 we perceive as the integrant elements of the paisagstico scene form a linked system where the society is the inductive factor of movement of the gears, conditioning the functioning and in the generation of new configurations in the space-time. Infogrfico 01 Landscape system of linked elements. NEW LANDSCAPES SOCIETY Source: proper elaboration the organization of the form-contents more the society is responsible for the dynamics that originates other scenes. From the respective analysis we perceive that the constituent elements of landscape directly is interrelated; each one made use with a specific function previously determined by the society that also is combined as part of the landscape.